MEXICO CITY: A HUMAN RIGHTS CITY

Mexico City stands out for its progressive and intercultural legal framework with a human rights perspective. While material inequality persists in Mexico’s protection of fundamental guarantees, especially for those in vulnerable positions, the broad recognition of human rights is the key element for transforming laws into tangible effects.

Mexico is a country where all individuals enjoy human rights recognized in its Constitution and numerous International Treaties, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; American Convention on Human Rights; Convention on the Rights of the Child; Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, among others.

The rights and freedoms enshrined in these legal frameworks provide us with the necessary tools to demand respect for the dignity and integrity of individuals, valuing their intrinsic characteristics rather than invisibilizing them. This ensures the protection of basic rights as well as specialized prerogatives regarding gender, age, nationality, religion, social or health condition, among others.

Moreover, the Mexico City´s Political Constitution distinguishes itself by emphasizing that the city is enriched by national and international migration, leading to openness and welcoming of internally displaced persons and foreigners. Additionally, the application of rights is comprehensive and oriented according to the pro-person principle, obligating all authorities to exercise human rights, favoring the broadest protection for individuals from a gender perspective, nondiscrimination, inclusion, accessibility, the best interest of the child, and interculturality.

The aforementioned legal texts are not merely symbolic, as with proper legal support, they have positive repercussions in people’s lives. For example, “Cibeles Abogados” acted as defense in a case where the Civil Registry imposed disproportionate and unjustified requirements to register a child’s birth certificate. Consequently, taking the case to the Courts of Mexico City led to a provisional order to register the child’s birth certificate. Subsequently, a sentence was issued holding the Authority accountable for human rights violations, ordering the permanent registration of the child’s birth certificate. This event meant that, within a considerably short period of time, the filiation between the child and the parents was recognized, along with the rights and obligations derived from parenthood.

The favorable outcomes were possible due to the international, federal, and local recognition of human rights. Regarding the child, it involved the right to a name; to be registered after birth; to acquire nationality; to know and be cared for by parents, among others. Additionally, it highlighted the observance of fundamental guarantees of the parents, such as the right to personal self-determination; to integrity; to identity; legal security; family rights; sexual and reproductive rights; and the right to justice.

The current context, including the exposed case, demonstrates that the recognition of human rights in Mexico, particularly in Mexico City, is essential for living fully and contributing to the change towards a more equitable society. The legal framework establishing their protection is available, and its exercise is flexible for cases where there is a legal vacuum. Therefore, it is our responsibility to promote their application to achieve the highest level of personal and collective development.

For further clarity on the points discussed, this article is accompanied by the referenced judgment.

RECENT POSTS

MEXICO CITY: A HUMAN RIGHTS CITY

Mexico City stands out for its progressive and intercultural legal framework with a human rights perspective. While material inequality persists in Mexico’s protection of fundamental

The path of surrogate gestation

Technological advancements in the field of assisted human reproduction, with a focus on infertility, have revolutionized the most important unit of society, which is the